Here are some tricks:
Read a story to your child. Begin by announcing the title. Ask your child, after hearing the title, what do they think the book is about?
Do not let your child see the illustrated pages of the book. Rather, ask them to quietly imagine to themselves what is on each book page. Take your time reading.
Read the book from start to finish.
Then return to page one of the book.
Read the page and ask “Did you see what I saw?”
Ask your child to either tell you or draw for you what they “saw” in their mind as you read the page to them.
Go back and point out the words on the page that they reacted to and validate their understanding.
If you saw something that they missed tell them “I saw something else, can you guess what it was?”If they guess correctly, congratulate them. If they still seem to be missing the point, consider reading the page together again emphasizing particular words that may give them further direction.
If they continue to struggle, tell them what you saw, which words created a mental picture for you and how you came to this understanding.
Learning how to read and to understand what we have read takes time and patience. So give your child ample opportunities to visualize what they are reading with you.